https://vjde.vn/journal/issue/feed Vietnam Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology 2021-07-29T07:39:46+00:00 GS.TS Nguyễn Hải Thủy- Trưởng ban nhthuy52@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p>Tạp chí Nội tiết- Đái tháo đường Việt Nam đã được ra đời theo quyết định số 1740/GP-BTTT ngày 18 tháng 11 năm 2010, do Thứ trưởng Bộ Thông tin- Truyền thông Đỗ Quý Doãn ký. Tạp chí được Cục Thông tin Khoa học và Công nghệ, Bộ Khoa học- Công nghệ cấp Mã số chuẩn quốc tế ISSN 1859 – 4727 theo Quyết định số 18/TTKHCN – ISSN, do Cục trưởng Tạ Bá Hưng ký ngày 11/4/2012. Tạp chí đã được Hội đồng chức danh Giáo sư Nhà nước tính điểm công trình: 0- 0,5.</p> <p>Tạp chí là nơi đăng tải tất cả các thông tin, hoạt động khoa học cập nhật của chuyên ngành Nội tiết, ĐTĐ, Rối loạn chuyển hóa trong cả nước và thế giới.</p> <p>Hàng năm, Tạp chí xuất bản 06- 08 số, trong đó có 01- 02 số bằng tiếng Anh đạt chất lượng và có uy tín trên toàn quốc. Các bài báo có đầy đủ phản biện theo đúng qui định của Hội đồng chức danh Giáo sư Nhà nước và Hội đồng chức danh Giáo sư ngành Y.</p> <p>Tạp chí cũng được công bố online tất cả các số tại địa chỉ: <a href="http://vjde.vn/">http://vjde.vn/</a></p> https://vjde.vn/journal/article/view/272 COVID-19: Issues related to diabetes mellitus in adults 2021-07-29T07:39:46+00:00 Deborah J Wexler no@email.com Irl B Hirsch no@email.com Jean E Mulder no@email.com <p>The care of patients with endocrine disorders during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic poses unique challenges. Patients with diabetes are at risk for more severe illness. COVID-19 appears to precipitate severe manifestations of diabetes, including diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS), and severe insulin resistance.</p> <p>This topic will review the care of patients with diabetes during the COVID-19 pandemic. Other important aspects of COVID-19 care are discussed separately.</p> 2021-07-29T00:00:00+00:00 Bản quyền (c) 2021 Vietnam Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology https://vjde.vn/journal/article/view/259 Prevalence of constipation in elderly diabetic patients. 2021-07-25T06:34:34+00:00 Nguyen Ngoc Tam no@email.com Ngo Quynh Anh no@email.com Nguyen Trung Anh trunganhvlk@gmail.com <p><strong><em>Background: </em></strong>The number of older diabetic patients in Vietnam is increasing every year, accompanied by digestive disorders. In Vietnam, rarely researches about prevalence of constipation for older diabetics focused on older patient. <strong><em>Objectives: </em></strong>Determine the prevalence of constipation&nbsp; in older diabetic patients. <strong><em>Methods</em></strong>: A cross-sectional study was conducted in National Geriatric hospital with 203 participants from 10<sup>th</sup> July to 10th October, 2020. Questionnaires and tests were used to obtain the prevalence of constipation determined by ROME IV, Bristol stool form scale. <strong><em>Results</em></strong>: Of 203 interviewers, mean age was 73.64 (SD = 8.09), 56.2% were female. 48% of them get constipation. According gender, in female: 59.8%; in male: 40.2% constipation. <strong><em>Conclusion</em></strong>: These results provided that there is a high rate of constipation in older diabetic patients. Clinician should pay more attention to the elderly with diabetes to early diagnosis for constipation.</p> 2021-07-29T00:00:00+00:00 Bản quyền (c) 2021 Vietnam Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology https://vjde.vn/journal/article/view/261 Associated factors with constipation in elderly diabetic patients 2021-07-25T06:52:35+00:00 Nguyen Trung Anh trunganhvlk@gmail.com Nguyen Ngoc Tam no@email.com Vu Thi Thanh Huyen no@email.com <p><strong><em>Background: </em></strong>Rarely researches about related factors for constipation for older diabetics patient. <strong><em>Objectives: </em></strong>Assess some associated factors with constipation in older diabetic patients. <strong><em>Methods</em></strong>: A cross-sectional study was conducted in National Geriatric hospital in three months (from July to October, 2020). Related factors was determined by using Mini Nutrition Assessment (MNA-SF), Instrumental Activities of Daily Livings (IADLs), Activities of Daily Livings (ADLs), The 3 Incontinence Questions (3IQ), and questions about daily fiber and water. <strong><em>Results</em></strong>: Drinking &lt;1000 ml water per day (adjusted OR = 4.203, p=0.000. Eating vegestable &lt; 1 bowl per day (adjusted OR = 5.752, p=0.000) Regarding physical function (ADL) (adjusted OR = 2.548, p=0.001) Regarding instrument activities of daliy living (IADL),&nbsp; (adjusted OR= 1.784, p=0.044)&nbsp; BMI ≥ 23 (adjusted OR: 1.914, p = 0.026) Factors that decrease the risk of constipation: Living with family (adjusted OR = 0.253, p=0.02). <strong><em>Conclusion</em></strong>: Management the related factors with higher odd ratio of constipation in older diabetic patients was important in daily practice</p> 2021-07-29T00:00:00+00:00 Bản quyền (c) 2021 Vietnam Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology https://vjde.vn/journal/article/view/262 Cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetic outpatient according to the recommendations of ESC-EASD 2019 2021-07-25T07:00:43+00:00 Huynh Le Thai Bao hlthaibao@gmail.com <p><strong><em>Objectives: </em></strong>To evaluate some cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetes outpatient receiving treatment at Cu Jut district general hospital, Dak Nong province in 2020 according to the recommendations of ESC-EASD 2019. <strong><em>Methodology:</em></strong> The study used a descriptive cross-sectional design with a continuous sampling method during the study to evaluate some cardiovascular risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus treatment. reside at the medical center of Cu Jut district, Dak Nong in 2020 according to the recommended treatment recommendations of ESC-EASD 2019. Each patient in the study sample was examined and given the contents of the prepared questionnaire. Each was designated any required subclinical processes as necessary. <strong><em>Results obtained:</em></strong> Target characteristics of controlling some cardiovascular risk factors in diabetic patients according to ESC - EASD 2019 guidelines: BMI ratio over 23 kg / m2 is 35.3%, round rate increase abdomen was 76.05%, incidence of uncontrolled blood pressure was 47.3%, total cholesterol was 49.3%, tryglicerid was 50.7%, HDL-C was 34.7% and non-HDL-C was 54.6% and LDL-C was 82.8%.</p> 2021-07-29T00:00:00+00:00 Bản quyền (c) 2021 Vietnam Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology https://vjde.vn/journal/article/view/263 Complications and its association with sleep quality in the elderly diabetic patients. 2021-07-25T07:09:04+00:00 Nguyen Trung Anh trunganhvlk@gmail.com Nguyen Thi Thu Huong no@email.com <p><strong>Background</strong>: Sleep disorders are commonly seen in type 2 diabetic patients. However, there is not much research about the association of diabetic complications and poor sleep quality. <strong>Objectives:</strong> To evaluate diabetic complications and to find out which diabetic complications are associated with poor sleep quality in older diabetic patients treated at National Geriatric Hospital. <strong>Methods</strong>: A cross-sectional study on 178 older diabetic patients treated at National Geriatric Hospital from March to October, 2020. Quality of sleep was assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. <strong>Results:</strong> 93 patients (52.2%) had peripheral nerve complications. 50% patients had diabetic retinopathy. There were 86 patients (48.3%) had experienced hypoglycemia in the last 3 months.&nbsp; The prevalence of diabetic neuropathy, cerebral vascular disease, cardiovascular disease, peripheral artery disease and foot complication were 12.9%; 12.9%; 9%; 8.4% and 7.3%, respectively. 19.1% patients didn’t have any complications of diabetes. Patients with diabetic retinopathy and cerebral vascular disease had a significantly higher rate of poor sleep quality compared with the group without these complications. There were no significant association between diabetic nephropathy, cardiovascular disease, peripheral nerve complication, foot complication, hypoglycemia and sleep quality. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> This study showed that older diabetic patients had many complications. Diabetic retinopathy and cerebral vascular disease were higher in the poor sleep quality group.</p> 2021-07-29T00:00:00+00:00 Bản quyền (c) 2021 Vietnam Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology https://vjde.vn/journal/article/view/264 Health-related quality of life in elderly patients with diabetes at Ha Dong traditional medicine hospital. 2021-07-25T07:38:09+00:00 Nguyen Trung Anh trunganhvlk@gmail.com Nguyen Thi Thu Huong no@email.com <p><strong><em>Background</em></strong><em>: </em>Health-related quality of life is one of the most widely-used measures to self-assess the effect of the management of chronic disease on health, and monitors the physical, psychological and social aspects of personal health. These data in elderly diabetic Vietnamese is currently limited. <strong><em>Objectives:</em></strong> To measure health-related quality of life in elderly diabetic patients at Ha Dong Traditional Medicine Hospital. <strong><em>Methods</em></strong><em>:</em> A cross-sectional study was performed in 107 patients aged 60 years or older, who was examined and treated at the Ha Dong Traditional Medicine Hospital. The subjects were interviewed by a designed questionnaire. Health-related quality of life was measured using SF-36 questionnaire. <strong><em>Results:</em></strong> Among 107 participants, the mean age was 66.1 ± 6.4 years; women account for 66.4%. The average duration of diabetes was 9.6 ± 5.0 (years). The percentage of patients with blood glucose control and HbA1c reaching their targets is 44.9% and 62.6%, respectively. The mean number of complications was 1.3 ± 0.7. Average quality of life score of study subjects was: 43.49 ± 9.30. Average score of mental health (49.32 ± 8.58) which was higher than physical health (37.85 ± 10.93) indicates that the patient has a quality of life related to mental health better than physical health. <strong><em>Conclusion:</em></strong> The quality of life for diabetic elderly patients at Ha Dong Traditional Medicine Hospital was not good, especially the quality of life related to physical health. Good control of blood glucose, prevention and treatment of comorbidities and minimizing complications of diabetes help improve the quality of life for patients.</p> 2021-07-29T00:00:00+00:00 Bản quyền (c) 2021 Vietnam Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology https://vjde.vn/journal/article/view/265 The current situation of iodised salt use and the effects of iodine deficiency on high risk populations in Vinh Phuc province in 2017 2021-07-26T07:36:57+00:00 Ha Minh Nguyet no@email.com Nguyen Thanh Hai no@email.com Nguyen Hoai Le lenguyenhoai@gmail.com <p><strong><em>Background: </em></strong>Vietnam's salt iodine supplementation program is a Government funded activity. Since 2005, the reduction of the funding source has had a direct impact on the effort to reduce iodine deficiency disorders nationwide, including Vinh Phuc. <strong><em>Objectives: </em></strong>Assessing the current situation of using salt and iodine-containing products of people in Vinh Phuc province. Determining the impact of iodine deficiency on the high risk subjects. <strong><em>Methods:</em></strong> The study applied the Descriptive Epidemiology method - Cross-sectional investigation to evaluate the current situation of iodized salt use and the effect of iodine deficiency on the at-risk subjects. The study was conducted in 2017 on 540 households, 108 women of reproductive age from 18-49 years old and 720 primary school students in 36 communes of Vinh Phuc province. <strong>Results:</strong> The results showed that 98.1% of the households use fish sauce, 11.9% use salt, 93.9% use used any type of seasoning powder, and 72,4% used iodized seasoning powder. 540 samples of salt and seasoning powder were taken for testing and all samples (100%) did not contain sufficient iodine content to meet disease prevention standards. The goitre rate in primary school students is 2.5%, mainly at level 1A (94.4%). There was no relationship between gender and goitre rate in students (p = 0.6). In women, there was no relationship between occupational status and iodine salt use (p = 0.453) and use of iodized seasoning powder (p = 0. 57). There was no correlation between literacy and iodized salt and iodized powder use (p = 0.3 and p = 0.7).<strong> <em>Conclusion:</em> </strong>Iodine supplementation in salt, fish sauce and spices is one of the effective measures in iodine deficiency disorders prevention. The study proposes to strengthen inspection and implement strict sanction the production of iodine products that do not meet the quality standards to ensure the quality of products that reach consumers.</p> 2021-07-29T00:00:00+00:00 Bản quyền (c) 2021 Vietnam Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology https://vjde.vn/journal/article/view/266 Clinical, subclinical characteristics of thyroid cancer patients were treated by endoscopic surgery 2021-07-26T07:51:03+00:00 Phan Hoang Hiep hoanghiepbvnt@gmail.com Tran Ngoc Luong no@email.com <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong> Thyroid cancer accounts for 1% of all cancers. This is the most common type of malignant tumor affecting the endocrine system. The disease usually progresses slowly, mainly develops locally and metastases of neck lymph nodes. If detected early, it is possible to select appropriate treatment methods which will result in high efficiency. <strong><em>Objectives:</em></strong> Analyzing the clinical and subclinical characteristics of selected differentiated thyroid cancer patients in laparoscopic surgery. <strong><em>Methods:</em></strong> 115 thyroid cancer patients were performed endoscopic thyroidectomy at National Hospital of Endocrinology from March 2012 to April 2018. <strong><em>Results:</em></strong> 115 thyroid cancer patients were undergone endoscopic thyroidectomy at National Hospital of Endocrinology included 109 females (94.8%) and 6 males (5.2%). The proportion of female/male is 18/1. Age of patient is 15 to 45. Mean age of male was 30.4 ± 6.4 and 33.2 ± 4.5 of female. The mean age for the whole world is 32.7 ± 6.8. Mainly disease ages 25 - 35 (74.8%). 68.7% of patients were treated by surgery 12 months after diagnosis and after 36 months of diagnosis: 13.9%. The mean time from detected until done by surgery was 10.3 ± 6.7 months. 100% of patients with thyroid nodule. 80% of patients with solid density. The most of nodules were not clear boundaries (92.2%). 21.7% surface roughness, 80% nodules with solid density. 60/115 (52.18%) with metastatic neck lymph nodes, of which 61.7% central cavity lymph nodes; 38.3% bilateral metastatic neck lymph nodes. Papillary cancer accounted for 76.5%; 10.4% follicular, 13.1% papillary-follicular. Compare the results of FNA with pathology: 78.9% positive and false-negative rate was 7.8%.</p> 2021-07-29T00:00:00+00:00 Bản quyền (c) 2021 Vietnam Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology https://vjde.vn/journal/article/view/267 Association between sarcopenia and renal function in patients with chronic kidney disease 2021-07-26T08:13:21+00:00 Nguyen Trung Anh trunganhvlk@gmail.com Nguyen Xuan Thanh no@email.com Nguyen Minh Hong no@email.com Vu Thi Thanh Huyen no@email.com <p>Objectives: To determine the association between sarcopenia and renal function in patients with chronic kidney disease at the National Geriatric Hospital. Methods: A cross-sectional study included of 180 chronic kidney disease outpatients aged 60 and over who were diagnosed and treatedat National Geriatric Hospital. Sarcopenia was indentified according to National Institutes of Health criteria FNIH. Results: The average age of subjects was 72 ± 8.7 with 65 males and 115 females. The majority of patients in the stage 2 of chronic kidney disease accounted for 50%. The prevalence of sarcopenia was 20.6%. There was a statistically significant association between stage of chronic kidney disease and sarcopenia (p &lt;0.05). Conclusion: The prevalence of sarcopenia in older in-patients with chronic kidney disease at National Geriatric Hospital was rather high, stage of chronic kidney disease was related to sarcopenia.</p> 2021-07-29T00:00:00+00:00 Bản quyền (c) 2021 Vietnam Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology https://vjde.vn/journal/article/view/268 Prevalence and characteristics of dyslipidemia in patients with acute coronary syndrome 2021-07-26T10:17:17+00:00 Huynh Le Thai Bao hlthaibao@gmail.com <p><strong><em>Objectives:</em></strong> Determining the prevalence and characteristics of dyslipidemia in patients with acute coronary syndrome at Central Highlands General Hospital from January 2019 to August 2019. <strong><em>Methodology:</em> </strong>Using descriptive cross section method with convenience sampling method. Research on 216 patients diagnosed with acute coronary syndrome. Patients were clinically examined, subclinical tested, and interviewed with a prepared questionnaire. Dyslipidemia is diagnosed by testing lipid parameters when there is one or more of the following disorders: Blood cholesterol &gt; 5.2 mmol/L (200 mg/dL), Triglyceride &gt; 1.7 mmol/L (150 mg/dL), LDL-cholesterol &gt; 2.58 mmol/L (100 mg/dL), HDL-cholesterol &lt; 1.03 mmol/L (40 mg/dL). Proceed to determine the rate and characteristics of dyslipidemia in patients with acute coronary syndrome. <strong><em>Results:</em></strong> The prevalence of dyslipidemia in patients with acute coronary syndrome treated at Central Highlands General Hospital from January 2019 to August 2019 was 70.83%. In particular, the ratios of disturbed lipid parameters were increased Cholesterol 18.98%, increased Triglyceride 32.41%, reduced HDL-C 36.57%, increased LDL-C 41.2%. There was a statistically significant difference between the dyslipidemia rate among the sexes: Male 78.42% and female 57.14% with p &lt;0.01. There was a statistically significant difference between the incidence of dyslipidemia between the forms of acute coronary syndrome: Unstable angina pectoris 54.95%, non-ST segment myocardial infarction 70% and ST-segment myocardial infarction 88.24 with p &lt;0.05.</p> 2021-07-29T00:00:00+00:00 Bản quyền (c) 2021 Vietnam Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology https://vjde.vn/journal/article/view/270 Relationship between levels of lipid and sleep quality in the elderly diabetic patients at National geriatric hospital 2021-07-26T10:57:40+00:00 Nguyen Trung Anh trunganhvlk@gmail.com Nguyen Thi Kim Chi no@email.com Nguyen Thi Thu Huong no@email.com <p><strong><em>Background</em></strong><em>:</em> Reduced sleep quality is common in advanced age. Poor sleep quality is associated with adverse outcomes, possibly because of its association with lipid disorder. However, the correlates of sleep quality in older populations are unknown. <strong><em>Objectives:</em></strong> To assess the association of levels of blood lipid with quality of sleep in older diabetic patients treated at National Geriatric Hospital. <strong><em>Methods</em></strong><em>:</em> A cross-sectional study on 178 older diabetic patients treated at National Geriatric Hospital from March to October, 2020. Quality of sleep was assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. <strong><em>Results:</em></strong> Among 178 participants, the mean age was 73.5 ± 8.0; female account for 57.3%. The rate of poor sleep quality was 67.4%. There was significant difference between cholesterol concentration and blood pressure ≥ 130/85 mmHg in female and sleep quality with p&lt;0.05. There was no significant difference between fasting plasma glucose, triglyceride and HDL-C level, waist circumference and sleep quality. <strong><em>Conclusion:</em></strong> Our results confirm a high prevalence of poor sleep quality in older diabetic people. Early detection by performing PSQI for screening sleep disturbance in older diabetic patients then give appropriate treatment can help improved effectiveness of treatment as well as the patients’ quality of life.</p> 2021-07-29T00:00:00+00:00 Bản quyền (c) 2021 Vietnam Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology