Evaluation of anthropometric indices in newly-diagnosed prediabetes in Quang Binh province
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Từ khóa

body composition
obesity béo phì
thành phần cơ thể
Tiền đái tháo đường

Ngôn ngữ sử dụng

Cách trích dẫn

Le, V. H., Nguyen, H. T., Tran, H. D., Nguyen, H. N. M., & Le, T. H. (2023). Evaluation of anthropometric indices in newly-diagnosed prediabetes in Quang Binh province. Vietnam Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology, (53). https://doi.org/10.47122/vjde.2022.53.9

Tóm tắt

Pre-diabetes is a term that describes a condition in which a person has higher than normal glucose levels but does not meet the criteria for a diagnosis of diabetes. Clinically, obesity is assessed through anthropometric indices such as BMI, waist circumference (WC), body fat percentage (BFP), and visceral fat (VPF). Objectives: 1. Determine the rate of newly diagnosed pre-diabetic subjects in the community in Quang Binh province; 2. Evaluate of anthropometric indicators in newly diagnosed pre-diabetic subjects. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 1206 non-diabetic and pre-diabetic adults (ages range from 20 to 60 years) from Quang Binh province. Results: Prevalence of prediabetic subjects with normal BMI was 46,2%, underweight BMI was 6,2%,  BMI ≥  23 was 47,6% , in which subjects with obesity was 22,5% .The mean waist circumference in pre-diabetic men with central obesity was 81,71 ± 8,08 cm and in pre-diabetic women, the average waist circumference was 76,79 ± 8,48 cm. Prevalence of central obesity in Pre- diabetes group was found 31.3% and 68.7% of people without central obesity (p < 0,05). There was a correlation between HbA1c levels and WC (r=0,101; p < 0,05).The mean of BFP in female prediabetes was higher than male prediabetes  (22,13  ±  5,31%  vs  30,39   ±  4,86 %) .Prevalence of high BFB in prediabetic group was 58,5% , in the normal BFP was 39.8%, and in the low BFP was 1.7%, with (p < 0.001).There was correlation between BFP  with Fasting glucose (r=0,115 ; p< 0,05) and HbA1c (r=0,116; p < 0,05).Mean of visceral fat level  (VFL)   of   prediabetes   was   6,39   ± 3,5 .The high VLF in Pre-diabetic patients was 11.8%,  very  high  VLF  was   3.4%,    and  the normal visceral fat index was 84.8% (p<0.001).respectively, There was no correlation between VFL with Fasting glucose and HbA1c levels. Conclusions: Clinical Usefulness of Waist circumference and body fat percentage (Anthropometric Indices) to Predict the Presence of Prediabetes in Central Vietnam.

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